34.  What is 1 NF (Normal Form)?

The domain of attribute must include only atomic (simple, indivisible) values.

 

35.  What is Fully Functional dependency?

It is based on concept of full functional dependency. A functional dependency     X    Y is full functional dependency if removal of any attribute A from X means that the dependency does not hold any more.

 

36.  What is 2NF?

A relation schema R is in 2NF if it is in 1NF and every non-prime attribute A in R is fully functionally dependent on primary key.

 

37.  What is 3NF?

A relation schema R is in 3NF if it is in 2NF and for every FD X    A either of the following is true

Ø      X is a Super-key of R.

Ø      A is a prime attribute of R.

In other words, if every non prime attribute is non-transitively dependent on primary key.

 

38.  What is BCNF (Boyce-Codd Normal Form)?

            A relation schema R is in BCNF if it is in 3NF and satisfies an additional constraint that for every FD X     A, X must be a candidate key.

      

39.  What is 4NF?

A relation schema R is said to be in 4NF if for every Multivalued dependency         X         Y that holds over R, one of following is true

Ø      X is subset or equal to (or) XY = R.

Ø      X is a super key.

 

40.  What is 5NF?

A Relation schema R is said to be 5NF if for every join dependency  {R1, R2, …, Rn} that holds R, one the following is true

Ø      Ri = R for some i.

Ø      The join dependency is implied by the set of FD, over R in which the left side is key of R.  

51.  What is Domain-Key Normal Form?

A relation is said to be in DKNF if all constraints and dependencies that should hold on the the constraint can be enforced by simply enforcing the domain constraint and key constraint on the relation.

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